Gambir is one of Indonesia’s native plants that are found in many areas in Merauke, Papua, some of which are spread in the Elikobel District, Kurik District, Muting, Bupul, to Ulilin.
Gambir (Uncaria gambir) is classified as a shrub that has a hard stem. It grows well at an altitude of 900 meters above sea level. This plant needs full sunlight and rain throughout the year.
On Wednesday, July 22, 2020, the officials of Merauke Agricultural Quarantine conducted an inspection of some gambir that would be sent to Surabaya. “It known that PT BML routinely sent gambir,” said Samijan, person in charge of Wilker, Merauke Port, on Friday 24 July, 2020. “In a good condition, 10,000 kg gambir is worth around Rp.40 million,” he added.
Gambir has antibacterial medicinal content from katekin, namely flavonoids. It could be used to treat diabetes, degenerative diseases, and non-communicable diseases. In addition, gambir is believed to be a cure for burns, scabies, diarrhea and dysentery, mouthwash for sore throats and canker sores.
Traditionally, gambir is used as medicine for ailments such as diarrhea but to apply for medicine, gambir need to be extracted first through six stages, boiling and evaporation of leaves and babbling, sedimentation, sap deposition, draining, packaging” he explained.