West Papua (ywp) – Melihat Papua dengan mata data is an article written by Jaleswari Pramodhawardani but this blog tries to retell using English language, as it could debate more concisely the wrong accusation of certain people that Indonesia government has not paid attention to the development of West Papua and Papua in total. Secondly, clearly to debate the stigma that government has neglected human rights issues in Papua and West Papua.
The Presidential Decree No. 9 of 2017 concerning the Acceleration of Welfare Development in the Provinces of Papua and West Papua has referred to the President Jokowi’s important policy on those provinces. With this instrument, the President could direct the arrangement of Papua and West Papua’s development by involving dozens of ministries and institutions as well as local governments. The main target is a welfare gain.
Firstly, the implementation of President’s policy is well done and comprehensive in both provinces, ranging from education, health, local economic empowerment, infrastructure and digitalization. For economic equality, government through Pertamina has tapped a distributor to carry out the one–price fuel policy so that Social Justice for All Indonesians could be realized.
In terms of indicators, the value of the Human Development Index (HDI) shows an increase. During the 2014-2018 period, in West Papua Province, the score has increased from 61 to 64 points, while in Papua Province, it has also increased from 57 to 60 points. Another thing is Jayapura city development, especially Sorong and Mimika districts is above the national average. Another indicator is that the stunting rate has been successfully reduced. Between 2013 and 2018, from 40.1 percent fell to 32.9 percent in Papua Province, while in West Papua Province fell from 44.6 percent to 27.8 percent. Finally, related to the stigma of violence in Papua, there is no government policy that mandates the use of violence, instead ordering to manage and solve Papua problem based on welfare, culture, dialogue approach and not just a security approach. With world support, Indonesia has elected as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council for 2020-2022 period which at that time defeated Japan and South Korea, meaning it has countered the stigma that the Indonesia government has acted repressively and violated human rights in Papua and West Papua.